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MAKE DO means to manage to do something as well as possible without all the resources that one would ideally like to have. 

"I didn't have time to go shopping today so we'll just have to make do."

If we say we make do WITH or WITHOUT something we imply that we have to come to terms with the limited, insufficient or inadequate means and use whatever is available, even though this is not really enough. 

"We'll have to make do with less money next year."

Make do can be also followed by ON.

"They made do on half a loaf of bread every day."

Make do is probably short for 'make something do well enough', where 'do' carries the rare sense to serve a specified purpose. So this 'do' is similar to the one used in sentences such as, "I could use a cup of coffee, but tea will do."

"Once upon a time, we made do without computers and smartphones."

While it’s tempting to call MAKE DUE a misspelling and leave it at that, it appears often enough to have gained some acceptance, and some people find it at least as logical as make do, esp. in AmE. And since it's an idiom, its logic can be loose.

"The crowd would have to make due with a lesser intoxicant." [New York Observer]

Perhaps 'due', which is mainly an adjective, could here bear the sense 'appropriate' as in, we have done due diligence, or perhaps it could mean sufficient as in, we have due cause to be thankful. 

"Others make due with less effective treatments." [USA Today]

Still, that we can almost justify the use of 'make due' doesn't change the fact that 'make do' is the standard form in edited writing from throughout the English-speaking world. 

"When I was growing up, we didn't have a lot of money, but we made do."

If you are writing for an audience that might view 'make due' as a misspelling, it's probably best to make do with the safer, more conventional spelling.

"Use it up, wear it out, make it do, or do without."

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