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In BrE, TURN UP and SHOW UP can both mean to arrive or appear.

"She turned up at my house late one night."
"Jack showed up late for his own wedding."

If you were selling tickets to a concert, you might say 'Let's see how many people turn up.'

"She failed to turn up for work on Monday."

Overall, 'turn up' is more common in BrE, and may imply that you appear by chance, unexpectedly or in a way that was not planned, while 'show up' implies that you arrive at the place where someone is waiting for you.

"We had 200 people show up for our seminar."
"It was getting late when she finally showed up."

In BrE, you can turn up FOR, AT or TO an event.

"He turned up to the meeting right on time."

In AmE, normally, only SHOW UP (AT/FOR) is used to mean 'to arrive at a location, a meeting or gathering'.

"I might show up a little bit late. I have some errands to run."
"We were waiting for over an hour and finally our boss showed up."

It can imply that someone arrives late or when we are not really expecting them to be there.

"Mr. Barnes never showed up for the meeting."
"You'll never guess who showed up for the party!"

Both in AmE and BrE, 'turn up' can mean to find something lost, hidden, or unexpected by looking for it or to be found, especially by accident, after being lost or not known about.

"The police haven't turned up anything new, have they?"

If you turn something up or if it turns up, you find, discover, or notice it.

"The study did turn up some good news."
"The documents finally turned up in an office along the corridor."

In AmE, 'turn up' is mainly used to refer to non-human objects. It tends to imply that something was missed or lost beforehand.

"I'll say that a person 'shows up,' and a lost object 'turns up'."

It is common to tell someone who has lost or misplaced something:

"Don't worry, I'm sure it will turn up eventually."

In murder stories or stories of kidnapping, someone may turn up dead or, after being missing for some time, a body may turn up.

"He turned up dead in one of our fishing nets."

There might be some sort of cross-cultural misunderstanding of the terms, as in American slang 'turn up' can mean 'get loose, act wild and crazy', or just 'hang out with friends and have fun'.

"We're gonna turn up tonight at John's party."
"Let's go turn up at the wedding down the street."

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