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WHATSOEVER (adv.) is an intensifier, typically used after a negative phrase to mean 'in any way'; 'at all'. 

"Christmas came and went and I didn't get anything whatsoever from my parents."

It is also commonly used with indefinite pronouns and determiners such as 'no', 'any', 'no one', 'anybody', etc. to add emphasis. 

"He has no friends whatsoever."
"It would be different if she ever gave me anything whatsoever in return."

If you have no clue whatsoever who ate all the ice cream that was in the freezer, it means you truly have no idea at all who the culprit is. If you made no effort whatsoever to pass your exam, you made zero effort. None.

"I have no doubt whatsoever."

If you say that you have no doubt whatsoever that you could be a model, you are placing emphasis on the fact that you're sure you're tall and thin enough to do the job. 

"He has no respect for authority whatsoever."

If you say you don’t like horror films whatsoever, you definitely dislike horror films. If someone says that you shouldn't have made any of those comments whatsoever then your comments were 100% unacceptable. 

"There's no celebrity status in the spirit world whatsoever."

NONE WHATSOEVER means none of any kind; none of any description; none you can imagine; zero, zilch, zip, zippo, nought, nichts, nothing, nada, etc.

"There's been no issues, none whatsoever."

When used in response, it conveys the meaning of absolutely not and lets the listener know that they won't get anywhere by asking further.

A: "Do you have any idea what happened?" B: "None whatsoever."

NOTHING WHATSOEVER means nothing at all, absolutely nothing.

"We had nothing whatsoever to do with the incident."
"I want nothing whatsoever to do with your half-baked plans."

While 'whatsoever' sounds as a bit old-fashioned and quaint way to emphasize a point to some users, it is still a popular turn of a phrase. 

"I like 'whatsoever', even though (or because) it's a little old-fashioned."
"To me, it has this very 19th-century aura around it."

It is still used quite a lot both in BrE and in AmE, esp. when emphasis is required.

"I think it's mostly colloquial or American."
"Whereas 'whatsoever' is more formal, it isn't archaic yet, as far as I know." 

As an adjective it is an intensive form of 'whatever'. Most language guides mark this usage as archaic though.

"In whatsoever shape he lurk." [John Milton, Paradise Lost, 1667]

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